Welcome to Brezno – the Centre of Horehronie region
The upper (northern) part of Horehronie region, district of Brezno area, lies in the middle of Slovakia, in the county of Banska Bystrica; it covers an area of 1265 km, beginning in Telgárt under the Besnik saddle in the east and ending beyond the villages of Nemecká and Ráztoka in the west. It consists of 30 villages with about 66 thousand inhabitants. The economical and administrative centre of Horehronie region is town of Brezno.
The largest part is formed by the Horehron valley surrounded by a huge bulwark of Nízke Tatry (Low Tatras) from the north, and from the south by widely spreading ridges of the Slovenske Rudohorie. Horehron valley reaches one of the highest altitude of all valleys in Slovakia. It reaches from 390 to 1000 m a. s. l. Its bottom is the highest situated bottom valley in Slovakia, exactly in Besnik saddle nearby village of Telgart. The highest place of the area is peak of Ďumbier with the height of 2043 m a. s. l. The lowest point lies on the river Hron surface. River Hron flows through the whole valley from the head water under the mount of Kralova Hola through beautiful meander part in direction east - west.
Cool to moderately cool climate prevails the region; especially winter is cold what creates very good conditions for winter sports. The rugged mountainous terrain of Horehronie region offers unlimited possibilities for cycling, all forms of tourism and other outdoor sports. Throughout the year Horehronie region offers variety of natural attractions as mountains, ravines, karst formations, waterfalls, etc. Forests rich in wildlife, birds and flora can be found in the region. There are 28 hunting areas in the region of Horehronie with total area of 117000 ha. Every year a number of red deer and wild roes hibernates in Horehronie hunting area. Rare animals such as bears, lynx, badgers and chamois live there, too. Horehronie is known for its beautiful head waters, streams and small rivers which flow into the river Hron. There are several mineral head waters, too. To preserve natural attractions (flora and fauna) of Horehronie region Low Tatras National Park was founded. The region includes Low Tatras National Park, Muranska planina National Park, natural reservations and protected areas.
The origins of settlement in Horehronie region can be trucked back to the Palaeolithic era. Archaeological finds confirm an advanced level of culture even in the Bronze Age. Rich history has left marks in the architecture of residential houses, public and religious buildings. Mountain areas are rich in forests, springs, grazing lands and ore. Since long ago the region has been characterized by timber and ore mining, industrial business of metal production and processing and agriculture, especially sheep breeding and beef-raising. All together these activities have created the basis of livelihood of local inhabitants and have formed their way of life and culture.